VA Minimum
Property Requirements

The VA’s Minimum Property Requirements (MPRs) ensure that veterans purchasing homes in Texas, and nationwide, through the VA home loan program invest in properties that are safe, structurally sound, and sanitary.

In-depth exploration of the MPRs with a focus on Texas-specific considerations:

General MPRs

  1. Residential Purpose: Properties must be primarily used for residential activities, supporting the living needs of the veteran and their family in Texas.
  2. Adequate Living Space: The home should offer sufficient space for basic living functions such as sleeping, cooking, dining, and hygiene.
  3. Safe Mechanical Systems: Electrical, heating, and plumbing systems in Texas homes must be safe, adequately protected from the elements, and efficient. Heating systems should be capable of maintaining a minimum temperature, particularly relevant in the varied Texas climate.

Specific VA Requirements for Texas Properties

  1.   Roofing: Roofs must be leak-free with a reasonable life expectancy. Given Texas’ severe weather conditions, including hail and high winds, the roof’s condition is crucial. 
  2. Crawl Spaces and Basements: These must be dry with proper ventilation. This is especially pertinent in areas of Texas with high humidity, to prevent moisture-related issues.
  3. Property Access: Homes must have direct access from public or private streets. This ensures that emergency services in Texas can reach the property without hindrance.
  4.  Lot Grading: Proper drainage is essential to prevent water damage, especially in flood-prone areas of Texas. 
  5. Lead-Based Paint: For homes built before 1978, any issues with lead-based paint must be addressed, a common concern in older Texas neighborhoods.
  6. Termite Inspection: Required in many parts of Texas, inspections must confirm the home is free of termites and other wood-destroying insects, due to the state’s susceptibility to these pests. **Requred for all homes in Texas 
  7.  Water and Sewage: The property must have a potable water supply and safe sewage disposal. In rural Texas areas, wells and septic systems are common and must meet local health standards. **Requred for homes with a private septic system and/or private well.
  8.  Hazards: The home should be free from hazards, including those unique to Texas, such as proximity to oil and gas production facilities or flood zones.
  9.  Natural Hazards: Properties in Texas’ flood-prone or coastal areas must have appropriate flood insurance and protections as part of the VA loan requirements. 

Appraisal and Repair Considerations in Texas

  • Texas homes identified with MPR-related issues during the VA appraisal will require repairs before loan closing. Negotiations between buyer and seller often resolve who undertakes these repairs. 
  • Given the state’s diverse geography and climate, from the Gulf Coast’s humidity to the arid conditions of West Texas, adherence to MPRs ensures homes are suited to local environmental challenges. 


The VA’s MPRs play a vital role in safeguarding the investments of Texas veterans in the real estate market. By enforcing these standards, the VA helps ensure that homes financed with VA loans are not only a safe and healthy environment for veterans and their families but also a sound financial investment capable of withstanding the unique environmental conditions found across Texas.

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